“… Duncanson said New York’s gun carry laws include provisions that are not covered by the laws of a number of other states and those standards are “by no means arbitrary calculations, but rather are derived from issues such as population density in parts of the state, our particular crime dynamics, and expert local judgment regarding how to protect our citizens.” …”
That’s true, they’re not arbitrary. The Sullivan Law was designed specifically to allow politicans to deny anyone they deemed undesireable the right to legally carry handguns for self-defense. The Irish and Jewish mobsters running Tammany Hall at the turn of the 20th century did not want to compete with the new immigrant Italian mafiosi so they had their boy State Senator “Big” Tim Sullivan create the current “may issue” system of discretionary pistol licensing. This law has been used by politicans for nearly a century to screw over anyone they didn’t like. In Big Tim’s case, it was the Italians. In Duncanson’s case, it’s ordinary citizens.